Burhani Epistemology in The Scientific Development of Contemporary Pesantren

Authors

  • Anwar Ma'rufi Institut Agama Islam An-Nawawi Purworejo, Indonesia
  • Saifudin Institut Agama Islam An-Nawawi Purworejo, Indonesia
  • Khorun Nisa’ Institut Agama Islam An-Nawawi Purworejo, Indonesia
  • Muhajir Institut Agama Islam An-Nawawi Purworejo, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31538/tijie.v5i2.937

Keywords:

Burhani Epistemology, Pesantren Epistemology, Contemporary Pesantren

Abstract

This paper aims to analyze and prove that the scientific development tradition of contemporary pesantren has begun to adopt a system of rational thinking (burhānī), which so far is still considered incapable of breaking away from the bayānī and 'irfanī reasoning. The dominance of bayānī and 'irfanī reason was assessed by Muhammad Abid Al-Jabiri as the source of the decline of Arab-Islamic civilization. The study in this paper is included in the qualitative research category through a literature study whose data sources come from books and journals. The data analysis technique follows the pattern developed by Miles and Huberman with a philosophical approach. The results of this research found that the tradition of contemporary pesantren scientific development has begun to follow a system of thinking in the progressive burhānī epistemology. This is characterized by: (1) the transformation of the Islamic boarding school/pesantren education system driven by visionary Kiai and (2) the pattern of development of fiqh and ushul fiqh that is appropriate to the times following the principles contained in the burhānī thinking system. This study revises previous research, which assessed that the tradition of scientific development in pesantren still follows the system of thinking in bayānī and 'irfanī reasoning.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Abdullah, C. (2014). Tradisi Pesantren Sebagai Pusat Peradaban Muslim Nusantara. Al-A’raf : Jurnal Pemikiran Islam Dan Filsafat, 11(2), 17. https://doi.org/10.22515/ajpif.v11i2.1188

Abdullah, M. A. (2006). Islamic Studies di Perguruan Tinggi: Pendekatan Integratif-Interkonektif (I; M. A. Abdushomad, Ed.). Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Abidin, Z. (2024). Tradisi Pendidikan Pesantren dalam Mengembangkan Jiwa Kepemimpinan Profetik. Munaddhomah: Jurnal Manajemen Pendidikan Islam, 5(1), 84–97. https://doi.org/10.31538/munaddhomah.v5i1.773

Aisyah, S., Ilmi, M. U., Rosyid, M. A., Wulandari, E., & Akhmad, F. (2022). Kiai Leadership Concept in The Scope of Pesantren Organizational Culture. Tafkir: Interdisciplinary Journal of Islamic Education, 3(1), 40–59. https://doi.org/10.31538/tijie.v3i1.106

Al-Fārābī, A. N. (1986). Kitāb al-Hurūf (M. Mahdi, Ed.). Beirut-Libanon: Dar al-Masyriq.

Aliani, S. O., Alam, M. S., Rofiq, A., & Srinio, F. (2023). The Role of Islamic Religious Counselors in Providing Religious Understanding of Ta’lim Councils in Minority Areas. Dirasah International Journal of Islamic Studies, 1(2), 89–101. https://doi.org/10.59373/drs.v1i2.19

Al-Jabiri, M. A. (1991a). At-Turāts wa al-Ḥadātsah: Dirāsāt wa Munāqasyāt (I). Beirut: Markaz Dirasat al-Wahdat al- ‘Arabiyyah.

Al-Jabiri, M. A. (1991b). Bunyah al-’Aql al-’Arabi. Beirut: al-Markaz al-Tsaqafi al-Arabi.

Al-Jabiri, M. A. (2009). Takwīn al-‘Aql al-‘Arabī (10th ed.). Beirut: Markaz Dirasat al-Wahdat al- ‘Arabiyyah.

Al-Jabiri, M. A. (2013). Arab-Islamic Philosophy: A Contemporary Critique. Yogyakarta: Islamika.

Ansori, M. (2020). Pengembangan Kurikulum Madrasah Di Pesantren. Munaddhomah: Jurnal Manajemen Pendidikan Islam, 1(1), 41–50. https://doi.org/10.31538/munaddhomah.v1i1.32

Arifin, M., & Kartiko, A. (2022). Strategi Pendidikan Agama Islam Berbasis Multikultural Di Madrasah Bertaraf Internasional. Attadrib: Jurnal Pendidikan Guru Madrasah Ibtidaiyah, 5(2), 194–202. https://doi.org/10.54069/attadrib.v5i2.396

Arifin, S., Sutama, S., Aryani, S. A., Prayitno, H. J., & Waston, W. (2023). Improving The Professional Teacher Competence Through Clinical Supervision Based on Multicultural Values in Pesantren. Nazhruna: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, 6(3), 386–402. https://doi.org/10.31538/nzh.v6i3.4037

Arkoun, M. (1996). Tārīkhiyyah al-Fikr al-‘Arabi al-Islāmi Tarjamah Hasyim Salih (3rd ed.). Beirut: Markaz al-Inma’ al-Qaumi.

Aryati, A., & Suradi, A. (2022). The Implementation of Religious Tolerance: Study on Pesantren Bali Bina Insani with Bali Hindus Communities. Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, 10(2), 471–490. https://doi.org/10.26811/peuradeun.v10i2.646

Asmani, J. M. (2015). Mengembangkan Fikih Sosial KH. Sahal Mahfudh Elaborasi Lima Ciri Utama. Jakarta: Elex Media Komputindo.

Aziz, M., Nasution, Z., Lubis, M. S. A., Suhardi, & Harahap, M. R. (2024). Tahfidzul Qur’an Curriculum Media Innovation in Islamic Boarding Schools. Tafkir: Interdisciplinary Journal of Islamic Education, 5(2), 235–249. https://doi.org/10.31538/tijie.v5i2.970

Baso, A. (2006). NU Studies: Pergolakan Pemikiran antara Fundamentalisme Islam dan Fundamentalisme Neo-Liberal (S. Mahdi, Ed.). Jakarta: Penerbit Erlangga.

Dhofier, Z. (1994). Tradisi Pesantren: Studi tentang Pandangan Hidup Kyai (VI). Jakarta: LP3ES.

Fathullah, M. N., Ulfiah, U., Mulyanto, A., Gaffar, M. A., & Khori, A. (2023). Management of Digital Literacy-Based Work Practice Training in The Boarding School Environment. Munaddhomah: Jurnal Manajemen Pendidikan Islam, 4(1), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.31538/munaddhomah.v4i1.230

Fidayani, E. F., & Ammar, F. M. (2023). The Use of Azhari Curriculum in Arabic Language Learning at Islamic Boarding School. Nazhruna: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, 6(1), 25–45. https://doi.org/10.31538/nzh.v6i1.2866

Futaqi, S., & Mashuri, S. (2023). Intellectual Capital of Islamic Boarding Schools to Build Multicultural Education Epistemology. Edukasia : Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan Islam, 18(1), 1–20. https://doi.org/10.21043/edukasia.v18i1.17329

Hadiyanto, A., Hanafi, Y., & Dkk. (2022). Corak Moderasi Pesantren di Indonesia: Studi Terhadap Persepsi dan Respon Kyai, Guru dan Santri. Hayula: Indonesian Journal of Multidisciplinary Islamic Studies, 6(1), 81–100. https://doi.org/10.21009/hayula.006.01.05

Hafazah, N. C. (2020). Modernisasi Pondok Pesantren Nurul Jadid Paiton Probolinggo pada Masa KH. Wahid Zaini Tahun 1984-2000. Institut Agama Islam Negeri Jember.

Hasanah, M., Sandy, P., Mannan, M., & Nasucha, J. A. (2022). Analisis Strategi Perencanaan Mutu Satuan Pendidikan di Lembaga Pendidikan Islam di Indonesia. Attadrib: Jurnal Pendidikan Guru Madrasah Ibtidaiyah, 5(2), 108–119. https://doi.org/10.54069/attadrib.v5i2.299

Holborn, H. (1950). Wilhelm Dilthey and the Critique of Historical Reason. Journal of the History of Ideas, 11(1), 93–118.

Ikbal, A. M., Nurwadjah, A., & Suhartini, A. (2023). The Implications of the Tijaniyah Order for Islamic Education at Zawiyah Islamic Boarding School. Nazhruna: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, 6(1), 72–87. https://doi.org/10.31538/nzh.v6i1.2467

Komalasari, M., Maharani, R. D., & Nurulloh, A. (2023). Studies on Ulama’s Flow in The Modern Era from an Islamic Perspective. Dirasah: International Journal of Islamic Studies, 1(1), 11–17.

Komarodin, M., & Rofiq, A. (2023). Islamic Boarding School Management in Forming The Religious Character of Students. Chalim Journal of Teaching and Learning, 3(1), 11–19. https://doi.org/10.31538/cjotl.v3i1.428

Ma’arif, M. A., & Nabila, N. S. (2020). The Contribution Of Kiai Munawwar Adnan Kholil Gresik On Islamic Education. Tribakti: Jurnal Pemikiran Keislaman, 31(2), 218–236. https://doi.org/10.33367/tribakti.v31i2.1126

Madjid, N. (1992). Bilik-Bilik Pesantren Sebuah Potret Perjalanan. Jakarta: Paramadina.

Mahfudh, S. (1994). Nuansa Fiqih Sosial. Yogyakarta: LKiS.

Manẓūr, I. (1882). Lisān al-‘Arāb. Beirut: Dar Shadir.

Ma’rufi, A., Nisa, K., & Madum, M. (2023). Problematika Pendidikan Dalam Wacana Eksistensialisme Martin Heidegger. Journal of Education, 6(1).

Mastuhu. (1994). Dinamika Sistem Pendidikan Pesantren: Suatu Kajian tentang Unsur dan Nilai Sistem Pendidikan Pesantren. Jakarta: INIS.

Muhammad, H. (2019). Fiqh Perempuan (I; Yudi & F. A. Kodir, Eds.). Yogyakarta: IRCiSoD.

Muhith, Abd. (2019). Pembelajaran Literasi Membaca di Pondok Pesantren Sidogiri Kraton Pasuruan. Journal of Islamic Education Research, 1(01), 34–50. https://doi.org/10.35719/jier.v1i01.8

Munawir, M., Alfiana, F., & Pambayun, S. P. (2024). Menyongsong Masa Depan: Transformasi Karakter Siswa Generasi Alpha Melalui Pendidikan Islam yang Berbasis Al-Qur’an. Attadrib: Jurnal Pendidikan Guru Madrasah Ibtidaiyah, 7(1), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.54069/attadrib.v7i1.628

Paisun. (2018). Analisis Terhadap Pemikiran Wahid Hasyim tentang Pembaruan Pendidikan Pesantren. Jurnal Pemikiran Dan Ilmu Keislaman, 1(1), 110–134.

PBNU. (2005). Ahkamul Fuqoha: Solusi Problematika Aktual Hukum Islam Keputusan Muktamar, Munas dan Konbes NU (1926-1999). Surabaya: LTNU Jatim dan Diantama Lembaga Studi dan Pengembangan Pesantren.

Qomariyah, N., Adityawati, I. A., & Aprilianto, A. (2023). Sistem Pendidikan Karakter di SD Alam Islami Elkisi dalam Perspektif Kitab Ta’lim Muta’allim. Chalim Journal of Teaching and Learning, 3(1), 35–42. https://doi.org/10.31538/cjotl.v3i1.418

Rahman, F. (1982). Islam and Modernity: Transformation of an Intellectual Tradition (R. L. Chambers, Ed.). Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press.

Ratna, C. D., & Syafi’i, I. (2023). Implementing of Shalih Charity Program In Islamic Baroding School to Build Students’ Entrepreneur Souls. Chalim Journal of Teaching and Learning, 3(1), 20–27. https://doi.org/10.31538/cjotl.v3i1.625

Ro’uf, A. M. (2013). Epistemologi Islam (Perspektif para Pemikir Islam Maghribi). Jurnal Khatulistiwa: Journal of Islamic Studies, 3(2), 132–141.

Ro’uf, A. M. (2018). Kritik Nalar Arab Muhammad ’Abid Al-Jabiri (C. Wahyudi, Ed.). Yogyakarta: LKiS.

Rusyd, A. al-W. I. (n.d.). Faṣl Maqāl fī mā Baina al-Ḥikmah wa asy-Syari’ah min al-Ittiṣāl (M. Imarah, Ed.). Mesir: Dar al-Ma’arif.

Samsudin, M. A. (2019). Revitalisasi Integrasi Nalar Bayani, Irfani dan Burhani dalam Pengembangan Pendidikan Pesantren. Jurnal Pendidikan Islam Indonesia, 3(4). https://doi.org/10.35316/jpii.v3i2.139

Sholichuddin, M. A., Muchtar, N. E. P., & Ratna, R. D. (2023). The Relationship of Islam and The State in Contemporary Islamic Political Discourse in Indonesia. Dirasah International Journal of Islamic Studies, 1(2), 78–88. https://doi.org/10.59373/drs.v1i2.11

Steenbrink, K. A. (1986). Pesantren, Madrasah, Sekolah: Pendidikan Islam Dalam Kurun Modern (A. Mudatsir & EBA, Eds.). Jakarta: Dharma Aksara Perkasa.

Subki. (2013). Integrasi Sistem Pendidikan Madrasah dan Pesantren Tradisional (Studi Kasus Pondok Pesantren Al-Anwar Kecamatan Sarang Kabupaten Rembang). IAIN Walisongo Semarang.

Suhrawārdī, S. ad-D. Y. (1976). Al-Masyāri’ wa al-Muṭāraḥāt. In H. Corbin (Ed.), Majmū’ah Muṣannafāt Syaikh Isyrāq Syihāb ad-Dīn Yaḥya Suhrawārdī. Teheran: Anjuman Syahansyahay Falsafat Iran.

Suib, M. S. (2017). Sinergitas Peran Pondok Pesantren dalam Peningkatan Indek Pembangunan Manusia (IPM) di Indonesia. Jurnal Islam Nusantara, 1(2).

Sunardi, S., Fathoni, M. T., & Munfarida, I. (2024). Pembiasaan Istighosah Dalam Pembentukan Kecerdasan Spiritual Santri. Ngaos: Jurnal Pendidikan Dan Pembelajaran, 2(1), 21–32. https://doi.org/10.59373/ngaos.v2i1.9

Thohiri, M. K. (2019). A Paradigm Shift of ‘Aswaja An-Nahdliyyah’: An Institutional Approach to the Internal Dynamics of Nahdlatul Ulama. Epistemé: Jurnal Pengembangan Ilmu Keislaman, 14(2), 305–326. https://doi.org/10.21274/epis.2019.14.2.305-326

Wahid, A. (2011). Islamku Islam Anda Islam Kita: Agama Masyarakat Negara Demokrasi. Jakarta: Democracy Project.

Wahyuddin, W. (2016). Kontribusi Pondok Pesantren Terhadap Negara Kesatuan Republik Indonesia. Saintifika Islamica: Jurnal Kajian Keislaman, 3(1).

Wajdi, F., Sanusi, A., Mulyasana, D., Sauri, S., Khori, A., & Saepuloh, S. (2022). The Pattern of Leadership of Kiai in Managing Learning Pesantren. Nidhomul Haq : Jurnal Manajemen Pendidikan Islam, 7(1), 15–30. https://doi.org/10.31538/ndh.v7i1.1832

Walid, Moch. K. (2021). Integralistik-Interkonektif Pendidikan Salaf Dan Khalaf Pondok Pesantren Tebuireng Jombang. Rabbani: Jurnal Pendidikan Agama Islam, 2(2), 81–95. https://doi.org/10.19105/rjpai.v2i2.4645

Wibowo, A. (2019). Integrasi Manajemen Kesiswaan Pendidikan Formal dan Nonformal di Pondok Pesantren An-Nawawi Berjan Purworejo. Jurnlal Islamic Education Manajemen, 4(2), 221–228.

Yafie, A. (2006). Merintis Fiqh Lingkungan Hidup. Jakarta: Yayasan Amanah.

Zed, M. (2014). Metode Penelitian Kepustakaan. Jakarta: Yayasan Pustaka Obor Indonesia.

Downloads

Published

2024-04-21

How to Cite

Ma'rufi, A., Saifudin, Nisa’, K., & Muhajir. (2024). Burhani Epistemology in The Scientific Development of Contemporary Pesantren. Tafkir: Interdisciplinary Journal of Islamic Education, 5(2), 301–314. https://doi.org/10.31538/tijie.v5i2.937